According to the classifications of the international classification of diseases, osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine belongs to the tenth group (ICD 10). This disease is one of the most commonly diagnosed spinal disorders.
Changes and complications of the course of the disease lead to the formation of intervertebral hernias, severe pain, impaired function of the intervertebral discs.
This disease is fixed in 80% of patients who seek help due to low back pain. As a rule, osteochondrosis occurs in old age due to:
- increased lifetime loads in relation to the lower back,
- lime salt deposits,
- age changes.
Description and symptoms of the disease
Characteristic signs of lumbar pathology include the following manifestations:
- decreased flexibility and mobility;
- difficulty turning, turning, tilting the body;
- general fatigue;
- sleep disorders;
- the problematic implementation of natural needs and self-care due to the occurrence of pain;
- irritability, sudden sweating;
- coldness or tingling in the legs;
- spasmodic manifestations in the arteries of the feet;
- violation of sexual function (in men), menstrual cycle (in women);
In fact, to answer the question of what is osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine, you can use the following theses:
- Reduction of the distance between the intervertebral discs, violation of their functionality, loss of moisture, elasticity.
- Overtension and chronic weakness of spinal muscles.
- Violation of the ability to depreciate the discs, their partial deformation and the effect on the nerve endings that lead to pain (applies to stages 3 and 4 of the disease).
the course of the disease
The development of the pathology occurs gradually. It is customary to distinguish 4 phases of medical history:
- The first degree is manifested by local pain in the lumbar region, which is aggravated by physical exertion. This symptom signals that the muscles are overworked and the process of deformation of the intervertebral discs has already begun. In addition, patients at this stage may feel a dull pain in the back, radiating to the gluteal region, tingling, burning in the same place. As a rule, pain occurs after transferring weights or sudden movements.
- The 2nd period of the disease is characterized by the beginning of deformation of the surrounding tissues, of the fibrous ring of the disc and reduction of the natural distance between the vertebrae. Compression (compression) of the nerve roots also develops. At this stage, the patient may experience sharp pains that progress while walking. There may be a burning or cold sensation in the legs. Tension and protrusion of discs develop. If an attack of pain occurs, the patient automatically deviates in the opposite direction from the focus of the pain syndrome.
- The third degree is characterized by the final destruction of the disc rings, the appearance of intervertebral hernias. Low back pain becomes more frequent and stronger, at the same time it affects the legs, the back, regardless of the load and movement.
- The fourth stage of osteochondrosis is characterized by abnormal growth of the vertebrae. Cartilage undergoes significant atrophic processes. The pain may subside, which indicates the formation of protective tissue, but this is not a sign of recovery. Illness at this stage often leads to the patient's disability.
Almost identical manifestations of the disease in question are characterized by deforming spondylosis of the corresponding part of the body. This disease belongs to the final stages of osteochondrosis and has the following symptoms:
- feeling of heaviness in the back, especially in the lower part;
- sharp pain in sitting position, when moving;
- lower back pain when bending, stretching and other movements.
This disease is characterized by cardinal changes in the vertebrae with the formation of bony growths that irritate the spinal ligaments. The outgrowths (osteophytes) can grow to a considerable size, cause parts of adjacent vertebrae to fuse together and put pressure on nerve roots.
The consequence of the disease, in addition to pain, can be reduced mobility, discomfort when the climate changes, disability.
Basically, the disease develops in old age due to excessive stress on the lower back and calcareous salt deposits. In young people, spondylosis can develop due to curvature of the spine, improper distribution of stress on the muscles of the back.
Wellness gym, physical therapy and medical procedures
It is completely unrealistic to cure the disease. The first two stages of spinal health disorders can be cured quickly and permanently. In addition to drug treatment, prescribed by a doctor after an appropriate examination, patients receive physical therapy and exercise equipment for osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine.
- massage - can reduce pain, strengthen lower back muscles, relax problem areas.
- Physical activity, exercises to strengthen the back muscles.
- Amplipulse, MRI effect.
- Iontophoresis and diadynamic currents.
The ideal outcome in the treatment of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine offers an integrated approach using traditional therapy, massage, physiotherapy, traditional medicine. As a preventive measure, you should strengthen your back muscles, not avoid physical exertion and follow a proper diet. Also, do not forget about the timely treatment of other diseases of the back, maintaining a healthy lifestyle.